Cooke & Massee, 1888. Grevillea, 16: 80.


Dothideomycetes, Subclass Dothideomycetidae





Synonymy: =Heterosporium algarum (Cooke & Massee) Cooke & Massee, Grevillea 18 (88): 74 (1890)

Cladosporium Link, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 8: 37 (1816)

Type species:

Cladosporium herbarum (Pers.) Link, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 8: 37 (1816)

Marine species:

Cladosporium algarum Cooke & Massee, 1888. Grevillea, 16: 80.

=Heterosporium algarum (Cooke & Massee) Cooke & Massee, Grevillea 18 (88): 74 (1890)

Saprobic, Asexual morph: Conidiophores: 140–175 um long, 8–13 um in diam. at the base, 4 um at the tip, macronematous, cylindrical, septate, simple, straight or somewhat curved, smooth, brown. Ramo-conidia: up to 34 um long, 6 um in diam., three or four-septate, cylindrical or elongate-ellipsoidal, bearing up to four conidia on small protuberances, smooth, brown. Conidiogenous cells: polyblastic, integrated, terminal or intercalary, more or less, cylindrical, cicatrized with prominent scars. Conidia: 8–24 x 4.5–8 um, ellipsoidal, with a protuberant basal scar or with scars at each end, 0–2(–3)–septate, not or slightly constricted at the septa, smooth, thick-walled, olive-brown, solitary, rarely in short chains, acropleurogenous. Sexual morph: Undetermined.


Key references to marine species:

Borse BD, Bhat DJ, Borse KN, Tuwas AR, Pawar NS (2012). Marine Fungi of India. Broadway Book Centre, India.

Jones EBG, Sakayaroj J, Suetrong S, Somrithipol S, Pang KL. (2009). Classification of marine Ascomycota, anamorphic taxa, and Basidiomycota. Fungal Diversity 35: 1–187.

Kohlmeyer J, Kohlmeyer E (1979) Marine mycology, The higher fungi. Academic Press, New York.

Sutherland GK (1916). Marine Fungi Imperfecti. New Phytologist 15: 35–48.



Type & Location:
Other Specimens:
Species reported from marine habitats: #C. cladosporioides (Fresen.) G.A. de Vries, Contrib. Knowledge of the Genus Cladosporium Link ex Fries: 57 (1952) C. herbarum (Pers.) Link, in Willdenow, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin 8: 37 (1816) C. macrocarpum Preuss, Deutschlands Flora, Abt. III. Die Pilze Deutschlands 6-25/26: 27, t. 14 (1848) #C. oxysporum Berk. & M.A. Curtis, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 10: 362 (1869) #C. sphaerospermum Penz., Michelia 2(8): 473 (1882) #C. tenuissimum Cooke, Grevillea 6(40): 140 (1878) #C. uredinicola Speg., Anal. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. B. Aires 23: 122 (1912) # Sequences available for these species
Saprobic on drift brown algae and seagrasses also intertidal wood.
Denmark, France, Germany, India, UK.
Pertinent Literature:
NOTES: Cladosporium algarum was first reported from marine habitats by Sutherland (1916) but it has not widely collected. It has been collected on intertidal wood in mangroves intertidal debris from India (see Borse et al. 2012 for references). Currently some seven Cladosporium species have been reported from marine habitats/substrates, mainly drift material or isolated from sea water (Jones et al. 2015).


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